Hyperpigmentation is the production of excess melanin causing dark spots on the skin. It appears where an excess of melanin has been produced and formed deposits, causing skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. Common skin areas that experience hyperpigmentation or dyschromia are the face, arms, and hands.


Sun Spots


Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

  • Sun exposure
  • Hormonal changes
  • Heredity
  • Acne
  • Botched skin treatments

How can one avoid skin hyperpigmentation?

An important measure in protecting yourself from hyperpigmentation is to protect your skin from the sun. Do this by regularly applying a broad sprectrum sunscreen that shields the skin from UVA and UVB rays. Slather it on thirty minutes before sun exposure and reapply every two hours because it can wear thin when exposed to water or perspiration. In addition to that, wear protective clothing, sunglasses or hats.

Experts also advise to avoid sun exposure from 10 AM to 3PM because this is the time when the rays are more intense.

What medical conditions or diseases are often associated with hyperpigmentation?

  • Cushing’s disease

  • Celiac disease

  • Addison’s disease

  • Smoker’s melanosis

  • Hemachromatosis (a condition where a person has excessive iron stores

How many treatment sessions are required to treat hyperpigmentation?

Treating pigmentation will actually require a number of treatment sessions depending on what the underlying cause of the pigmentation is, if that’s sun spots or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or melasma. But, usually, you’re looking at three to six treatments depending on that being a cause of light, laser, or peel treatments.

How can I avoid having hyperpigmentation in future??

In addition to using skin care products for pigmentation prone skin, avoiding excessive sun exposure, always wearing sun protection, clarifying the potential side-effects of medications with a doctor, taking care of your skin. To prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, use gentle skin care products and avoid scratching, popping blemishes, and picking at your skin.


As with all specialised skin treatments, it is important to find a clinic with experienced practitioners who understand exactly which type of pigmentation you have in order to deliver the best results possible.

Clinical laser and light treatments can significantly reduce or even cure hyperpigmentation, but it is also important to maintain results with dedicated home care products.

To prevent hyperpigmentation it is crucial to use an SPF30-50 sunscreen that is suitable to use on the face, neck, hands and décolletage.

When treating hyperpigmentiotion, prevention is the key. To guarantee optimal results a clinical treatment plan must include quality active skincare and sun protection.

Light-based therapies are effective on most people with hyperpigmentation. It improves the overall tone and texture of the skin, as well as treating fine lines by creating a more plumped up appearance. A series of four to six treatments may be required for optimum results.

Recommended Treatments

Claire's PRO Tip

Limit your exposure to UV rays. Exposure to UV rays is one of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation. While limiting exposure will do nothing to affect hyperpigmentation you already have it can help prevent further discoloration.